DOMINOES project started in October 2017 and was finalized in June 2021.
The project delivered a reference architecture for a scalable local energy market. This consists of an ICT architecture, a local market model, end-customer tools, grid validation mechanisms, demand response models and services, as well as cyber security tools. Solutions were created for DSOs, aggregators, forecasting parties, other service companies, prosumers and consumers in the scalable local energy market. In addition, the local market will be able to interface with other local markets set up by other operating entities, as well as larger wholesale markets.
The project has defined five use cases of the local market action, namely:
Use case 1 Local market flexibility and energy asset management for grid value;
Use case 2 Local Market Data Hub Manager and technical validation and flexibility tool;
Use case 3 Local community market with flexibility and energy asset management for energy community value;
Use case 4 Local community flexibility and energy asset management for retailer value and;
Use case 5 Local community flexibility and energy asset management for wholesale and energy system market value.
DOMINOES proposed six business models for demand response and virtual power plant (VPP) operations, tools and technology validation for demand response services, services based on smart metering, methods to utilize VPPs and microgrids as active balancing assets and secure data handling procedures in local markets. Business models were evaluated from the cost and benefit perspectives and with SWOT[FL1] -analysis and validated in the demonstration activities. Together with the local market development work, analysis was performed on what kind of changes are going to be needed in the future.
The third (and final) reporting period focused on the validation activities of the project use cases and business models. Besides virtual validation, these results were validated in three validation sites in Portugal and Finland: A DSO environment in Évora (Portugal), a VPP site distributed across bank branches in Portugal and a LVDC microgrid site and microgrid research environment in Lappeenranta (Finland). Based on the validation and evaluation of the business models, the proposed local market concept is relevant for the future but there are many uncertainties. Regulation, end-customer-acceptance and capabilities in large scale, and future market prices are some uncertainty issues regarding the pace of the change.
Key aspects of the local market concept:
- Market model
DOMINOES developed a local market model which is compatible, enables sharing of bottom-up flexibility, incentivises the end-customer engagement and promotes active prosumer role, considers accountability for flexibility (local balance settlement) and supports changing energy market roles
DOMINOES developed models and services for forecasting, aggregation, clustering and consumer segmentation
- IT architecture
DOMINOES developed a modular IT reference architecture with modules for wholesale market, local market, simulation & optimization and analysis & forecasting.
Cyber security challenges in the local market framework were identified and new solutions developed for assessing threats and detecting anomalies
- Information exchange
DOMINOES developed information exchange content used in local markets and for connecting towards overarching markets, defined stakeholder information needs and interfaces to DSOs & retailers
- End-customer tools
DOMINOES developed a mobile app which enables end-customers to interact with the local market
DOMINOES has evaluated the regulatory framework around local markets, including aggregation, role of energy communities, DSO regulation and the role in the procurement of flexibility and impacts of Clean Energy Package.
The project is organized in 7 Work Packages as follows:
Project schedule and milestones: